To have the perfect and healthy skin is the dream of every human being. People spend lots of money and time on skin care products to have flawless skin. However, skin is also very sensitive and is at high risk of getting affected by infection and diseases. Skin problems can arise due to genetic factors, environmental pollution, overexposure to sun's UV rays, age, viruses, eating habits, stress, etc. These problems may or may not cause any pain or discomfort, but most people go for treatment because it ruins their appearance. However, skin treatment and care is essential not only to have a healthy skin, but also for the overall well-being of the person. Let us look at some common problems in a little more detail.
Acne is one of the most common facial problem. It is most likely to appear when a person reaches puberty. Most of the time, acne goes away with age, however there have been cases where people have acne during adulthood, especially women. During adolescence, sebaceous glands that secrete sebum or oil for lubricating the skin and hair, becomes hyperactive. Due to this, pimples, blackheads and whiteheads develop on the skin. These pimples can be painful and there are high chances of permanent blemishes and scars appearing on the face. Usually, acne goes away on its own, but it is necessary to take certain precautions to stop the condition from aggravating. People who have acne must wash their face only with a mild soap and can also use benzoyl peroxide lotions. Along with these things, one should also eat a balanced healthy diet and refrain from consuming food stuffs that increase acne.
Eczema is a serious skin problem, where a person develops a rash that is dry and red in color, which is accompanied by constant itching. Although eczema commonly appears in young children, it can even develop in adults. The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it is believed to be a genetic disorder. It is also said to be caused due to exposure to dust, solvents, stress, etc. People with very sensitive skin are at a higher risk of having eczema. Although eczema cannot be cured completely, it can be controlled by avoiding use of soaps on the face and by applying a cream meant for eczema.
Wrinkles are a common facial skin problem in old people. When people start aging, wrinkles naturally start appearing as the skin begins to lose its elasticity. However, they can also appear early in some people due to smoking, faulty eating habits, etc. By following certain healthy eating habits and lifestyle changes, one can prevent early appearance of wrinkles on the skin. Eating healthy food, cleaning the face regularly, especially after exposing it to the sun and pollution, avoiding smoking, etc are necessary to prevent wrinkles to appear at an early age. Nowadays, even cosmetic surgeries can be done to remove wrinkles from a person's face.
Rosacea is an inflammatory skin disorder, where a person is found with red spots and cysts on those areas of the face that blush like the cheeks, forehead, near the nose and chin. This facial skin disease is common in Caucasian people. Like other skin problems, the causes of rosacea are also not very clear. Consuming alcohol and spicy food, sun exposure, genetics, etc are some of the reasons for rosacea. This skin problem does not go away completely, but treatment should be given to control the growth because it is said to have certain serious consequences.
Warts are blemishes that can appear not only on the face, but all over the body. The reason for the emergence of warts is most likely due to virus. They can be painful for some people and disfigures a person's appearance, if it appears on the face. Usually, warts go away without treatment, but there are many people who remove them through surgery because they look ugly on their body.
One must remember that untreated minor skin problems can lead to severe skin disorders. Hence, it is very important to treat skin problems at an early age. Before taking any over the counter drugs or applying any cream, it is very important to consult a good dermatologist. Protecting one's skin from environmental factors and also taking proper care of the skin will help in averting further skin problems.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only and does not in any way attempt to replace the advice offered by an expert on the subject.