Lighter skin has lower concentration of melanin, whereas relatively darker skin has melanin in higher concentration. A face bleaching cream contains chemicals, which hinder the production of melanin in our skin. As the melanocytes are no longer able to produce melanin, it results in lighter and even colored skin tone.
Bleaching at Home
- The first step is doing a patch test on a small area of your body. This should be done 24 hours, before you bleach. This is done because our body can be allergic to the chemicals in it. Mix small quantities of various bleaching products in the proportions, as directed and apply it. If no allergic reactions are noticed within 24 hours , then you can go ahead.
Though, hydroquinone whitens the skin rapidly and is a FDA-recognized bleaching agent, dermatologists are engaged in finding more about the long-term bleaching cream side effects due to hydroquinone.
Some very common side effects are:
- Burning, itching or stinging sensation along with skin redness.
- Mild to severe allergic effects like skin rash, blistering, inflation or swelling of lips or cheeks and difficulty in breathing are also known to occur in deteriorated cases.
- Dryness and cracking of skin, when applied on sensitive areas around the eyes and nose.
During pregnancy, some women may feel the need to bleach their face. The reason behind this is skin discoloration in melasma. Melasma, also known as mask of pregnancy, is a common condition in pregnant woman, when excess secretion of hormone estrogen makes the melanocytes produce higher quantities of the darkening pigment melanin.
This results in brown patches on the facial region. Though, there is no way to examine the extent of harm the use of bleaching cream may cause during pregnancy, many doctors advise against its use. So, it's always better to consult your doctor or a dermatologist before using it.
Using a branded bleaching cream instead of a cheap one is strongly advised. If your skin is sensitive, taking utmost care while choosing the bleaching product is necessary is necessary.