Acne is a common skin problem that affects almost everyone at one point of time or the other. It is triggered by overproduction of sebum, an oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands lying under the skin. This oily substance and the dead skin cells tend to clog up the pores on the skin surface which when get infected by bacteria lead to formation of acne. The forehead is one of the most acne prone areas of the face. This is because it belongs to the T-zone of the face which tends to be more oily as compared to any other part of the face. Forehead acne causes can be related to some underlying health conditions as well.
What Causes Forehead Acne?
There are some internal factors as well as external factors that can be the cause of forehead acne. Due to certain hormonal changes that take place during puberty, production of sebum goes up, which then get collected into the skin pores. The hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstrual cycles can also increase sebum production. Mental stress, genetic factors, unhealthy diet and side effects of some medicines can make some people susceptible to getting acne on the forehead.
The oil clogged pores of forehead when exposed to dirt and dust get infected by harmful bacteria. This results in eruption of acne on forehead. The close proximity of the skin pores increases the chances of rapid spread of infection over the entire forehead area. Moreover, oil from the scalp also tends to aggravate the infection further. The chemicals and oils present in various cosmetics and skin care products stimulate the oil secretion into the skin pores and often worsen the condition further.
How to Get Rid of Forehead Acne?
When the acne is mild, it can be treated at home only. First of all, you have to make sure that you do not touch or prick them and thus reduce the chances of acne scars. You have to keep the skin clean by washing your face with a mild face wash that has salicylic acid as an ingredient. This component helps in removal of dead skin cells that causes blockage of pores.
Skin exfoliation is also very important as it ensures deep cleansing of the pores. Use a gentle facial scrub for this purpose. Those who have a very sensitive skin should not exfoliate the skin more than three times in a week. Cleansing should be followed by application of water based skin moisturizer in order to prevent drying of the skin as dryness often make the skin more sensitive. Along with this skin care regime, you may have to use over the counter medicines which when applied can bring down the infection. Select the one which has benzoyl peroxide as one of the ingredient. It can effectively kill the acne causing bacteria.
If you are suffering from really bad forehead acne, you must consult a dermatologist. They ascertain the causes of acne first, and then start treatment. The common medicines that are used for this purpose include antibiotics for oral administration as well as topical application. Vitamin A is also used to cure acne. Sometimes, steroid is used in order to control severe symptoms of acne like pain, inflammation, etc.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle with a well-balanced diet, regular exercise and stress free mind to keep the skin in good condition. Also, drink plenty of water to flush out toxins from the body.