Acne occurs when the excessive oil (sebum) produced by the sebaceous glands, gets accumulated under the skin due to clogged skin pores (follicles), and creates an ideal environment for bacterial growth. This condition can be non-inflammatory or inflammatory in nature. While non-inflammatory form includes the development of whiteheads and blackheads, inflammatory form involves the development of papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, or milia. Both teenagers and adults can have this skin disorder. This skin condition abrasion is not restricted to age. This disorder may develop on any part of the body, but affected individuals often get distressed when it affects the face.
Trapped sebaceous fluid is the main cause of acne, which is why the areas which contain more sebaceous glands are more susceptible. For instance, there are about 2,000 sebaceous glands per square inch on the forehead. Highest density of sebaceous glands is observed in the face, chest, shoulders, and back. Studies show that more than 75% people with facial skin disorders have skin-related problems on other parts of the body.
Men are more affected than women because they might have more hormones like androgens that stimulate acne formation. Do not pick, squeeze, or rub the acne, as it may worsen the situation. This can lead to permanent scarring also. There are innumerable skin care products available in the market, but natural cures work great for this condition. Dietary alterations and lifestyle changes are of great significance in controlling this irritation.
What Causes Back Acne in Men?
Bacteria: The most common reason behind back acne in men is the overgrowth of bacteria, for example propionibacterium. The overgrowth of bacteria on the skin can cause rashes, inflammation, and redness of the skin. The enzymes released by the bacteria in the skin can change the oil secreted by the sebaceous glands into an irritating substance, thereby causing acne.
Hormonal Changes: It is necessary to know that hormonal imbalance is one of the main causes of this skin condition. Increased hormonal activity of androgens during puberty or excessive stress can adversely affect the functioning of the adrenal gland. This results in hormone imbalance.
External Factors: Exposure to chemical compounds in polluted air and water can cause acne. For example, contact with dioxins can result in chloracne in men. Some medications are also known to be a cause. Exposure to halogens is one of the common causes of acne. Excessive use of steroids, wrong diet, keeping awake till late hours, genetic factors, neglecting facial skin impairments, dandruff, and the accumulation of dead skin on the back can cause acne on back.
What Causes Back Acne in Women?
Bacteria: As explained above, clogged skin pores and growth of bacteria is the main cause in women as well.
Hormone Imbalance: As compared to men, a woman's body undergoes several stressful phases such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding, menopause, etc. Since hormone imbalance and acne are interconnected, women usually experience a sudden eruption of skin-related issues before their menstrual period. This happens due to increased level of androgens or the steroid hormones. Studies show that women with a lot of body hair or facial hair, and women who have irregular periods, are more likely to suffer from facial and back acne. Stress has become an invariable factor of modern life. Women should try to lead a stress-free life as far as possible. They should have their hormone levels checked and assessed by a physician.
External Factors: Excessive medication, history of acne, exposure to chemicals, and wrong diet are some of the causes of pimples on the back. Harmful chemicals in cosmetics often affect women's skin. They need to choose cosmetics like a sunscreen lotion or a body wash carefully. Choosing water-based cosmetics instead of oil-based cosmetics can help get rid of acne. Wearing tight-fitting clothes can also lead to the development of acne. Food allergies, especially allergy for milk and cheese, can cause back acne in both men and women.
The most effective treatment is to maintain proper hygiene, follow a healthy diet, drink plenty of water, and avoid stress, harmful chemicals, allergens, excessive medication, oil-based cosmetics, etc. These can help a lot in prevention. Regular exercise improves blood circulation, which in turn enhances the process of the removal of body toxins. If these natural treatments don't work for you, make sure to consult a dermatologist.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.