Brown spots on skin are described as the increase in the natural color of the skin in some places. They are actually the presence of melanin deposits in skin cells. Such a condition is medically termed as ephelis. They have many other names, like age, liver, and sun spots, as well as skin discoloration and hyper pigmentation. Though they affect your looks and appeal, they are benign in nature. White people over the age 50 are among the common victims. They most often develop these spots on the body parts, such as face, scalp, and hands that are often exposed to the sun.
The basic reason behind the appearance of these specks is the accumulation of skin color pigment, called melanin, in the skin cells. Melanin is formed in the body due to exposure to the sun. Therefore, one of the obvious causes is excessive sun exposure. Other possible reasons may be some skin disorders, such as seborrhea keratosis, melasma, freckles, moles, liver dysfunction, excessive sun exposure, and aging.
- Apply a good quality sunscreen lotion on the exposed body parts, especially on the affected parts before going out in the sun.
- You may use an over-the-counter skin cream containing hydroquinone, vitamin C, azelaic acid, and antioxidants like retinol. It will work towards reducing the pigmentation.
- Lemon juice contains citric acid, which has a mild bleaching action. Therefore, apply lemon juice directly on the affected part. This is especially effective in treating small spots.
- Buttermilk consists of lactic acid, which is known to be very effective. Apply this liquid before bedtime. Do it continuously for a couple of days to notice improvement.
- Use a 3-4% glycolic acid cleanser. Use it as directed on the pack. It will surely help you, as it peels off the upper skin layers. The low percentage of glycolic acid can be safely used without a doctor's prescription.
- Liver malfunction results in the accumulation of toxins and free radicals in the body, which in turn leads to cell damage in the skin. Therefore, try to restore the health of liver. This is possible by eating foods rich in antioxidants.
- Give a shot to laser resurfacing with a dermatologist's agreement. The laser treatment will help remove the uppermost layer of the skin and accelerate the growth of newer skin cells. It is one of the highly efficacious techniques of getting healthier and clearer skin.
- Go for microdermabrasion session under the supervision of a dermatologist. It involves scrubbing the skin with small crystals to remove the upper skin layers. You will have to undergo a number of sessions to notice reduction in the appearance of these discolored patches.
Disclaimer: This BeautiSecrets article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.